Arenas index - Selected indoor live entertainment and sporting venues
back to index of designs previous page 20/20 next

  1. “Mercedes-Benz Arena” 
    Shanghai Expo’2010, Architect ECADI, David Manica. Seating capacity of 18,000, two levels of luxury suites, VIP clubs and a river view restaurant. The World's second flying saucer-shaped arena. Developed by Anschutz Entertainment Group (AEG).
  2. “Atlas Arena” 
    Lodz 2009, architect Jacek Kwiecinski of ATJ Architekci sp. z o.o. received the second prize executive award in design competition organized by SARP in 2001. Roof span Ø135m. 10’400 permanent seating capacity. The site located adjacent to soccer stadium LKS.
  3. “Gdynia Arena” 
    Tricity, Gdynia 2008, architects Jan Karczewski & Antoine Bernier winners of design competition organized by SARP announced by City Hall of Gdynia in November 1999. Chairman of competition jury Maciej Gintowt. Detailed proposal in cooperation with the local architecture firm ATI Architektura Technika Inwestycje. Main roof truss span 280ft. Basketball configuration capacity 4’334 seats. Located adjacent to two stadiums in a park between forest edge and nature reserve 2 miles from Baltic seashore.
    -   magazine Architektura murator 1(196) January 2011 <plan layouts, building section drawings> p70-9

    Photo courtesy of ATI Architektura Technika Inwestycje
  4. “O2 World” 
    Berlin 2008, located east side of historical remains of the Berlin Wall dividing the city 1961-1989. Architect Populous formerly know as HOK Sport Venue Event, JSK Architekten. LED media façade. Seating capacity max 17’000. The third brand new sport and entertainment facility in town built in the last decade and one of the largest indoor venues in Europe. Developed by Anschutz Entertainment Group (AEG).

  5. PROJECT: “Brooklyn Arena” 
    New York City 2011
    Located next to the Atlantic Terminal the third-largest transportation hub with direct access to the busy street at the intersection of nine subway lines and a railroad. 850,000 ft², 20’500-seats and 125 luxury suites with surrounding new 16 apartment and office tower buildings part of Atlantic Yards $3,966,400,000 ($4bln) urban development. Architect Frank Gehry.
  6. “Arena and Convention Centre” (ACC) 
    Liverpool 2008
    Architects Wilkinson Eyre authors of Gateshead’s Millennium Bridge selected by City Council following a design competition.
    £146 mln arena capacity 9’400-seat.
    Consultant SportConcepts

    Image courtesy of Wilkinson Eyre Architects Ltd
  7. “Hala Sazka” 
    Czech Republic, Praha 9 - Vysocany
    zbudowana na Mistrzostwa Swiata w hokeju na lodzie 2004
    Widownia: hokej 16’500; koncert 18’000, tenis 17’000, lekka atletyka 11’000
    rozpietosc 98/128m; Member of EAA
    24.6.2002 pozwolenie na budowe, arch. ATIP a.s.

  8. PROJECT: “Hagibor Arena” 
    Czech Republic, Prague 10
    Widownia: hokej 14’639
    Zarzadzanie SMG Europe. Uzytkownik: Klub TJ Bohemians Praha
    01.05.2002 pozwolenie na budowe, ARKOM Architekti s.r.o., SportConcepts
  9. “Budapest Sportaréna” 
    The largest venue of its kind in Hungary opened March 2003 at the Népstadion complex near the city centre
    arch. Kötzi, SportConcepts; general contractor Bouygues Hungária Kft. Built to host the 2004 IAAF Indoor Championships. Capacity for up to 12’500 people; Ice hockey layout: 9’400 seats; Athletics layout: 6’800 seats; stage height 1,2 to 1,90 m. Member of EAA
  10. “Arena AufSchalke” 
    Gelsenkirchen, August 2001
    Das multifunktionale Stadion arch. HOK Sport
    widownia: 61’127, koncert 75’000 koszt DM358 million
    Translucent, Teflon-coated fibreglass fabric is stretched over the steel roof structure. Otwierana czesc dachu, wysuwane boisko do pilki noznej
  11. “Saitama Super Arena” 
    in the north suburbs of Tokyo 2000, built for FIFA Soccer World Cup the first time held in Asia 2002. Moveable seating stands gigantic block with partitions and ceiling moves 9’200 seats in 20 minutes on a distance of 70 meters. Three buildings in one. Selection of seating capacity configurations from theatre 5’000, arena 19’000-22’500 stadium with center stage to max. 37’000 seats, football field 14’600m², site 4.5ha, roof structure 66m above grade, 721-capacity car parking garage, total floor area 132’310m², cost $700 mln, houses John Lennon Museum on the 4th and 5th floors. Design team lead by architect Nikken Sekkei Ltd.
  12. “AmericanAirlines Arena” 
    Miami, Floryda 2000
    arch. Arquitectonica, Heinlein & Schrock
    widownia: koszykówka 19’600, koncert 18’200, hokej 8’100
  13. “New Orleans Arena” 
    New Orleans, Louisiana 1999. Designed by a joint venture of the local architecture firms Arthur Q. Davis and Partners, Billes-Manning Architects, and Hewitt Washington and Associates. Heavy concrete roof by Walter P. Moore and Associates of Houston the structural engineers. Capacities of up to 18,500 for concerts and 17,200 for basketball Ranging from 12 to 18 seats and 140-seat Super Suite, 2,800 Club Seats. total of 44 executive suites were included in the initial construction of the Arena and 12 more were added in 2002 total max. floor area of 85 ft. by 290 ft. (24,650-sq ft) Spectators have the convenience of two main escalators servicing all levels; one escalator for access to the Club Level only; four elevators to all levels; and one freight elevator. The Arena has 18 ladies' restrooms and 14 men's restrooms. The Arena & Superdome both utilize the four (4) Louisiana Superdome parking garages on-site with a total of approximately 5,000 parking spaces. SMG-Managed Facility. Both damaged in Hurricane Katrina Aug 29, 2005. The Arena came through the most destructive and expensive natural disaster in U.S. without significant structural damage.

  14. “Nationwide Arena” 
    Columbus, Ohio 1999
    arch. Heinlein + Schrock Architecture, Inc.;
    NBBJ of Columbus
    560 miejsc parkingowych pow. 63'640m² widownia 18'500 koszt 150 mln USD uzytkownik: Klub hokejowy BlueJackets, NHL. Zarzadzanie SMG. Wybór 17 typów miejsc, w zakresie cenowym od 17 USD cena miejsca na górnej trybunie do 2.5 mln USD wartosc jednego apartamentu fundatora.
  15. “Staples Center Arena” 
    Los Angeles, Kalifornia, arch. NBBJ Sports and Entertainment, 1999 koszt 375 mln USD, 20’000 miejsc koszykówka, koncert, 18’118 hokej, 160 apt. Operated by Anschutz Entertainment Group (AEG).
    -  "Architektura & Biznes" miesiecznik Nr 5(94) maj 2000
  16. Radsporthalle 
    Olympic Velodrome and Swimmingpool
    Berlin 1992-1999 Completed November 5, 1999
    arch. Dominique Perrault / ARUP GmbH Ø142m
    widownia max. 10’000
    Photo: Werner Huthmacher
  17. “The Value City Arena and the Jerome Schottenstein Center” 
    Columbus, Ohio. Arena Universytetu Stanowego. Widownia maks. 21’000
  18. “Acer Arena” 
    September 1999. Formerly the 'Sydney Superdome'. arch. Cox Richardson Architects / Devine de Flon Yaeger
    the largest and the most advanced indoor live entertainment and sporting facility in Australia. Car parking 3’200 spaces near adjacent soccer stadium, seating capacity 21’000, 52 apt. Cost 110 mln USD
    -   Archivolta 2(6)/2000 <model> s13
    -   Olympic Architecture Building Sydney 2000 Patrick Bingham-Hall, s228-233
  19. “The O2” 
    Greenwich UK 1999
    arch. HOK Sport, Richard Rogers Parternship; eng: Buro Happold. Ø365m in diameter roof is made of Teflon coated glass fibre PTFE. Financed by the UK government remained closed from its closure on 31 December 2000 to 24 June 2007. Renamed from Millennium Dome, an iconic landmark converted into unique indoor arena; Europe's finest music venue; max capacity of 22’000; 96 luxury suites on two levels; 11-screen cinema; 2’200 car parking spaces. hosting up to 150 events in the first year. Available for the London Olympics 2012. Cost $1.1 bln. Managed by Anschutz Entertainment Group (AEG).
    Idiom: White elephant. Meaning: A white elephant is an expensive burden; something that costs far too much money to run, like the Millennium Dome in the UK.
    -   Membrane Designs and Structures in the World, Kazuo Ishii, Shinkenchiku-sha, March 31, 1999
  20. Glówny kompleks sportowy w Atenach IO 2004 
    Stadion centralny, hala sportowa z zapleczem treningowym, baseny kryte i otwarte, tor kolarski, boiska treningowe, korty tenisowe
    -   "Olimpijczyk" Nr 3-4(12-13)/99 <widok> s9
  21. "Kölnarena" 
    1998 arch. Peter Böhm
    Najwieksza i najbardziej zaawansowana hala widowiskowo sportowa Niemiec. Widownia 18'000. Wysokosc (wliczajac luk) 76m. Powierzchnia calkowita 83'700m²
    Koszt 130 mln USD.
    -   sb / sport stättenbau und bäderanlagen / sports facilities and swimming pools Sports halls 33th volume 1'99 Januar/Februar <fotografie, rzuty, przekroje> s7-13
    -   Baumeister 11/98 <fotografia> s7
  22. “Atlântico - Pavilhao Multiusos de Lisboa” 
    Expo’98, Portugal arch. Regino Cruz, Skidmore Owings & Merrill (SOM) London office, 298’806 sf, air volume 445’000m³, glulam (glue-laminated) timber structure frame span 115.8m, roof covered with laminated zinc, ceiling height 36m, seating capacity 12’500, cost $56 mln, received IOC/IAKS Gold Medal Award 2001
    -   Archivolta 4(8)/2000
  23. “Hartwall Areena” 
    arch. Seppo Kilpiä and Markku Valjento
    gross area 34'500m²; volume 315'500m³
    widownia: hokej 13’365; koncert 12’000
    1'421 places for cars in the garage; parking w okolicy 2'625
    wybudowana na Mistrzostwa Swiata w hokeju na lodzie 1997
  24. “Max Schmeling Halle” 
    Berlin 1997 arch. Joppier Pietz widownia 10'000
  25. “Bridgestone Arena” 
    Nashville 1996. Formerly 'Sommet Center', 'Gaylord Entertainment Center' and 'Nashville Arena'. Architect Populous (formerly HOK Sport). Audience capacity 17’100 ice hockey, 19’400 basketball, 20’000 end stage concert, 72 suites. On site car parking 1’500 spaces.
  26. “Amsterdam ArenA” 
    home of AFC Ajax Amsterdam, August 1996. Widownia 51’859. Funded by a Public-Private-Partnership €127 million. 12’000 parking spaces plus 2’600 pod arena. Pierwszy w Europie otwierany dach.
  27. “Georgia Dome” 
    IO Atlanta’96 arch Heery Int., Rosser Fabrap Int. and Thompson, Ventullet, Stainback Architects 1992 cable-stay tensegrity structure roof clear span 240m
    -   100 lat IO Kronika 1896-1996 Swiat Ksiazki Geo Center W-wa 1996 <wnetrze> s209, 211
  28. "Manchester Evening News Arena" 
    1995 arch. DLA Architecture
    Seating capacity max. 22'500. Central location inside the city. 900 capacity car park. Owner Anschutz Entertainment Group, Operator SMG. Largest indoor venue in Europie.
  29. "San Jose Arena” 
    Kalifornia 1993. 20’000 miejsc 120÷180 widowisk rocznie
  30. “Gjøvik Olympiske Fjellhall” 
    1993 Lillehammer Olympiapark, Norway
    arena z widownia na ok 8’000 miejsc
    120m pod ziemia
  31. “Palau Sant Jordi” 
    IO Barcelona 1992 arch. Arata Isozaki & Associates
    -   Contemporary World Architecture. Sport Stadia, gymnasia & pools. Hugh Pearman, Phaidon Press Limited 1998 <przekrój> s409
  32. “Pyramid Arena” 
    Memphis Tennessee 1991 szósta co do wielkosci piramida na swiecie. Pojemnosc widowni: ok. 21’000 koncert, 20’142 koszykówka, 28 apartamentów. Siedem (7) ramp rozladunkowych dla tirów. Osiem (8) reflektorów typu Strong, Xenon Gladiator III. Zarzadzanie SMG
  33. ”Times Union Center” 
    Albany NY 1990 formerly the ”Pepsi Arena” 6’000 do 17’500 miejsc, zarzadzanie SMG srednio 149 imprez rocznie
  34. ”Metropolitan Gymnasium” 
    Tokyo 1990 arch. Fumihiko Maki.
    Widownia glównej areny na 10'000 miejsc Ø120m wysokosc struktury dachu tylko 7m. Pokrycie ze szwedzkiej stali nierdzewnej w arkuszach grubosci 0.4mm, 4kg/m² nie wymaga konserwacji.
    -   Contemporary World Architecture. Sport Stadia, gymnasia & pools. Hugh Pearman, Phaidon Press Limited 1998 <elewacja> s419
    -   New Architecture, Sports Facilities, Tom 3
    -   Baumeister August 1992 <teren 1:6000>
  35. "The Globe Arena" 
    Sztokholm 1989 arch. Svante Berg.
    Najwieksza hala widowiskowo sportowa w Szwecji. Najwiekszy na swiecie budynek w ksztalcie kuli Ø110m wysokosc wnetrza 85m. kubatura 600'000m³ Widownia dla hokeja na lodzie: 13'850, Koncerty 6'000 do 16'300. Koszt 450 mln USD
  36. DEMOLISHED: "London Arena" 
    arch. HOK Sport 1989-2006 temporary hockey ice rink size arena. Capacity of 12'500. Floor to ceiling height 15m. Vacated site area of 6.8 acre located far from main roads the poor public transport links south of Canary Wharf in the heart of the docklands area. Owners US-based Anschutz Sports Holdings and SMG.
    DEMOLISHED: “Miami Arena” 
    Funded by city of Miami, Floryda, arch. HOK Sport 1988-2008 cost of $52.5m Capacity for concert 16’627, basketball 15’440 seats, managed by SMG aproximately 150 events annualy. Was sometimes called the "Pink Elephant" because of high running costs and colour of elevations. Demolished by Advanced Explosives Demolition, Inc.
  37. Tokyo Dome “Big Egg” 
    Japan's biggest concert venue first air-supported domed baseball stadium in Tokyo 1988, the most populated metropolitan area in the world. 55’000 seats. Site 11ha, area 46’755 m², field 13’000 m², volume 1’240’000 m³, clear height 62m. Beautiful Boxer (2003)
  38. “Peace and Friendship Stadium” 
    Athens, 1985. arch Thymio Papayannis and Associates.
    Seating capacity: 14’095 basketball, 11’750 athletics. Arena 4'000m² parking on site for 940 cars. Located 10km from city centre, part of the Faliro Coastal Zone Olympic Sports Complex. 1991 Golden Award by IAKS. Renovated for 2004 Summer Olympics indoor volleyball.
  39. “Pengrowth Saddledome” 
    Calgary 1983, Graham McCourt Architects. Engineer: Jan Bobrowski and Partners. One of the worlds largest hyperbolic paraboloid tensile structure roofs. 50mm thin concrete shell. Ø122m span. Seating capacity 19,289 Ice hockey.
  40. “Palais Omnisports de PARIS-BERCY” (POPB) 
    1983 arch. Michel Andrault, Pierre Parat, A. Guvan, inz J. Prouvé
    20 programów funkcyjnych. Widownia max 17'000 Trawiaste elewacje
    -   Techniques & Architecture (P.426)
    Espace Théâtral. avril-mai 1984, No 353, s103-109
  41. “Europahalle” 
    Karlsruhe 1983 arch. Herbert Schmitt, Georg Kasimir und Partner
    -   Deutsche Bauzeitung 1984 nr 4(119)
    -   Neufert: Podrecznik projektowania, Arkady 1995 <rzut, przekrój> s462
  42. “NEC Arena” 
    Birmingham 1980, United Kingdom. Located outside of city center close to the international airport 12’300 seated is one of the country's top venues.

  43. PROJEKT: ”Centralna Hala Sportowa” 
    przy Stadionie X-lecia, Konkurs SARP, 10’000 miejsc
    Nr 544 (I etap otwarty studialny, 17 prac. Sad konkursowy nie przyznaje pierwszej nagrody 25.06.1974)
    Nr 544A (II etap zamkniety realizacyjny, 6 prac. Sad konkursowy nie przyznaje pierwszej nagrody 7.02.1975)
    Nr 544B (na III etap nie zgadza sie ministerstwo 27 pazdziernika 1976, 2 prace)
    Rozstrzygniecie 1977 na korzysc M Krasinskiego (archiwum SARP brak danych)
    -  Stenogramy z dyskusji nad projektem konkursu SARP Centrum sportu.
    -  Program i warunki konkursu na projekt koncepcyjny zagospodarowania terenów i zespolów obiektów sportowych w rejonie stadionu X-lecia na zlecenie Urzedu m. st. Warszawy Wydzialu Urbanistyki i Architektury w porozumieniu z Ministrem Gospodarki Terenowej i Ochrony Srodowiska. Styczen 1974.
    -  W drugim etapie udzial bierze 6 zespolów
    1. arch Ewa Krasinska, arch Maciej Krasinski SARP Warszawa II miejsce
    2. arch Wojciech Zablocki, arch Jacek Bodasinski SARP Warszawa II miejsce
    3. arch Piotr Sudra, arch Janusz Szweycer, arch Witold Wisniewski SARP Warszawa wyróznienie
    4. arch Krzysztof Muszynski, arch Lech Baranski, arch Elzbieta Muszynska SARP lódz
    5. arch Janusz Pachowski, arch Ewa Pachowska SARP Warszawa
    6. arch Adam Zych, arch Wojciech Potkanski SARP Warszawa
    -  Sklad sadu konkursowego
    • Przewodniczacy sadu arch. Witold Benedek
    • Sedzia Referent arch. Andrzej Dzierzawski, arch Zbigniew Filipow (II etap)
    • Przedstawiciel Ministerstwa Gospodarki Terenowej i Ochrony Srodowiska arch. Jacek Cydzik
    • Przedstawiciel Glównego Komitetu Kultury Fizycznej i Turystyki mgr Tadeusz Bregula (II etap)
    • Naczelny Architekt Warszawy arch Tadeusz Szumielewicz
    • Przedst. Urzedu m_st_ W-wy Wydzialu Urbanistyki i Architektury arch. Zbigniew Filipow (I etap)
    • Przedst. Urzedu m_st_ W-wy Wydzialu Kultury Fizycznej i Turystyki inz. Kazimierz Lewandowski
    • Architekt Dzielnicowy arch. Jacek Malysz (I etap)
    • Sedzia kolegialny SARP arch. Boguslaw Chylinski (II etap)
    • Sedzia kolegialny SARP arch. Bogdan Gniewiewski
    • Sedzia kolegialny SARP arch. Jacek Jedynak
    • Sedzia kolegialny SARP arch. Krzysztof Lachert
    • Sedzia kolegialny SARP arch. Jerzy Skrzypczak
    -  Materialy dostarczone uczestnikom konkursu
    • Warunki i program konkursu
    • Plan w skali 1:5’000
    • Plan w skali 1:1’000
    • Bulwary i umocnienie brzegów Wisly 1:5’000
    • Przekrój nadbrzeza Wisly 1:500
    • Przekrój nadbrzeza Wisly 1:100
    • Dwie elewacje hotelu
    • Tabela powierzchni projektowanych
    -  Dokumentacja Projektowa AB Architektura i Budownictwo Spólka Projektowa z o.o.
    Autorzy: Prof. inz. arch. M. Krasinski, mgr inz. arch. E. Krasinska, J. Kropczynski
    Temat: Hala Widowiskowo-Sportowa
    Obiekt: Hala Glówna, Osrodek Treningowy, Hotel. Koncepcja VII.1987
    •   Program funkcjonalno uzytkowy
    Obiekt: Osrodek Treningowy z Hotelem II wersja. Faza koncepcyjna VII.1989
    • Architektura
    • Instalacja Sanitarna i Wentylacja Mechaniczna
    • Elektroenergetyka
    • Konstrukcje
    • Instalacje Sanitarne i Instalacje CO
    • Instalacje Sanitarne i Instalacje Wodociagowe i Kanalizacyjne
    -   Centrum sportu przy Stadionie Dziesieciolecia w Warszawie (arch Wojciech Zablocki, Jacek Bodasinski, inz. Stanislaw Kus 1976-1980) Nowa Architektura Polska Dariusz lat 1976-1980, T.Przemyslaw Szafer, Arkady <rysunki> s277
  44. "Olympiahalle München" 
    IO Monachium 1972 inz Frei Otto
    (na pokryciu zastosowane panele pleksiglasowe, kiedy nie stosowano jeszcze materialów takich jak Teflon lub architektoniczny PCV renovated by Waagner Biro Stahl-Glas-Technik) Widownia okolo 11'850 miejsc.
  45. "Spodek" 
    Katowice 1965-1971 arch. Maciej Gintowt, Maciej Krasinski, structural engineers: Waclaw Zalewski, Andrzej zórawski, Aleksander Wlodarz; 7’787 permanent seats and 3’260 provisional seats. Design competition SARP 1959, the first and the largest indoor venue of its kind in Poland. The first in the World cable-stay tensegrity structure roof. Clear span 126m, volume 345’700m³ being renovated in-depth since 1995
    -   magazine "Architektura" SARP, Arkady August September 1972 nr 8-9 (297-298) p307-31
    -   magazine "Kalejdoskop budowlany" nr12 December 2003 year VII (70) p58-59
  46. "Madison Square Garden" 
    Nowy Jork, 1968 najslawniejsza arena na swiecie. 19,522 miejsc na widowni. Zlokalizowana w Nowym Jorku na Manhatanie przy Siódmej Alei pomiedzy ulicami 31 i 33. Jest to juz czwarty obiekt noszacy ta nazwe. Poprzedni przez 43 lata miescil sie przy Ósmej Alei pomiedzy ulicami 49 i 50.
  47. "Palac Sportów" 
    IO Meksyk 1968 architektoniczna perla, arch Felix Candela
    16-25 tys widzów. kopula ø144.17m system ”Triodetic” Wykorzystanie tak duzego obiektu po Igrzyskach Olimpijskich okazalo sie wielkim problemem.
    -   miesiecznik "Architektura" czasopismo SARP, Arkady 1968 nr11(252) <foto> s451
    -   Büttner Oskar: Lekkie Budownictwo Metalowe Arkady 1975 s100 <wnetrze>
  48. "Nokia Arena” 
    Yad Eliyahu, Tel Aviv built in 1963. Doubled seating capacity in 1972 from 5’000 to 10’000, constructed roof and 24 private VIP boxes. In 2008 modernized and increased its capacity to 11’700 for basketball.
  49. ”Yoyogi National Gymnasium” 
    IO Tokio 1962 arch Kenzo Tange inz Yoshikatsu Tsuboi
    widownia 15’000 dach Tokyo Gym pokryty kompozytem zlozonym z warstwy polietylenu pomiedzy dwoma warstwami stali nierdzewnej w arkuszach grubosci 0.2mm stanowi lepsza izolacje akustyczna.
    -   Japan Architect Nr 102 Nov 1964
  50. "Palazzetto dello Sport" 
    IO Rzym 1960 arch A.Vitellozzi inz Pier Luigi Nervi 
    arena 28x40m 3’700 widzów
  51. "Wiener Stadthalle" Halle D 
    Austria 1958 arch. Roland Rainer
    widownia max. 12'188. Wieloboczny zarys, zastosowanie aluminium na elewacjach oraz wklesle kalenice zmniejszaja optycznie potezna bryle hali. Lokalizacja w zwartej miejskiej zabudowie. Pobliskie garaze podziemne: Stadhalle car park 400, Lugner 650, WIPARK at Westbahnhof 637 spaces. Kolejne 750 miejsc w marcu 2004.
  52. "Torwar” 
    Warszawa 1953 (modernizacja 1999) koszykówka 4’848 miejsc, powierzchnia 19’200m². Hala treningowa Torwar II arch Andrzej Ryba, Tomasz Kazimierski, hokej na lodzie, Pu 4’789m², widownia 600 osób.
    -   Sport Turystyka Biuletyn Informacyjny UKFiT Nr4 grudzien 1999 <wnetrze hali z trybunami> s5
    -   Kompleks Sportowy Torwar I II III, "Olimpijczyk" 3(8)/98 <widok> s5
  53. ”J.S. Dorton Arena” 
    known as 'Paraboleum' formerly 'State Fair Arena'. Raleigh 1949-52 North Carolina, USA.
    Architects: Matthew Nowicki, William H. Deitrick. The World first arena with tensile structure roof. In 1957 American Institute of Architects declared it one of the 10 20th-century buildings most expected to influence the future of American architecture. In 1973 listed in National Register of Historic Places. 5'500 permanent seating capacity (modernized 1996).
    -   magazine "Architektura" SARP, Arkady nr 1(417)/84
    -   'A'A' magazine L'Architecture d'Aujourd'hui n°64 year 1956
  54. "Wembley Arena" 
    London 1934, originally known as the Empire Pool designed by Owen Williams. The world-famous Arena remains the must-play venue for artists of all genres. 11’000 seats. 124 events/year. Listed Building. Reinforced concrete spanning 236'6". Reflects the undecorated simplicity of the buildings utilitarian character. Located next to Wembley National Stadium landmark to the London skyline. In 2005 refurbished cost of £35 mln to the maximum capacity of the building to 12’200 people; reduction in car parking from about 5’000 spaces to 1’400 spaces.
  55. “Wimbledon's Centre Court” 
    London 1922 redevelopment 2009 including 65 x 75 metres 5,200m² new steel retractable concertina style PTFE roof spanning 77m and 16m above the lawn tennis court with air-management system; 15,000 maximum spectator capacity; cost of £80 mln; Design: Populous formerly known as HOK Sport Venue Event with Capita Symonds.
  56. ”Hala Stulecia” 
    known as 'Centennial Hall' formerly 'Hala Ludowa', 'Jahrhunderthalle'; Wroclaw 1913 arch. Max Berg.
    Live entertainment, sporting events basketball, volleyball, handball, tennis, seating capacity 6’000. Net area 11’000sm. Record breaking cast in reinforced concrete roof structure Ø65m. Refurbished 1995. In July 2006 inscribed on World Heritage List of UNESCO
    -   Rocznik Historii Sztuki Tom XXIV PAN Komitet Nauk o Sztuce. Neriton W-wa 1999 s131-215
    -   Architektura murator 9/97
  57. ”Las Arenas de Barcelona” 
    Barcelona 1898 inspired by Arabic architecture; corrida for ninety years; The bullring transformed into a shopping/ leisure centre; central garden, planted with palm trees under partially transparent zinc dome remains an open public space; entire building lifted up by one storey, added roof and undergroung parking garage for 1250 cars. Formally reopened to the public in March 2011.Cost 100 mln EUR; Architects: Richard Rogers Partnership, Alonso Balaguer & Arquitectos Asociados.
  58. ”Koloseum” 
    (Amfiteatr Flawiuszów) Rzym 72-80 n.e. Eliptyczna arena przeznaczona do walk gladiatorów, 188 x 156 m, obwód 524 m, wys. 48,5 m. Miejsc siedzacych okolo 50'000 Pierwowzór dla wszystkich pózniejszych amfiteatrów. (Werona, Arles, Pozzuoli, Nimes, El Dzem)
    -   Tadeusz Broniewski: Historia Architektury Dla Wszystkich Ossolineum 1990 <rzut> s94